PRINTABLE PATTERNS for CROSS STITCH and NEEDLEWORK header_02
header_03   0 pattern(s)
header_05
pixel_trans
pixel_trans
  

HOME

 

SEARCH PATTERNS

STITCHER RESOURCES

SHOPPING INFO

ABOUT US

FAQ

Sign up for our newsletter !
   
LATEST PATTERNS


CROSS STITCH PATTERNS

>> see All New Releases
ALL PATTERNS
pixel_trans
 BROWSE BY DESIGNER
 Stitchers' corner, Biscornus
 ABCs, Samplers, Monograms
 Celebrations, Holidays, Seasons
 Animals
 Baby & Child
 Homes & Gardens
 Food & Drinks
 Nature, Flowers, Sea
 Portraits, figures
 Fantasy world
 Objects to make
 Quotes, Sayings
 Home deco Styles
 Colors
 Regions, Arts, Music
 Other needlework techniques
 For Beginners
 Tips & ideas
 INSPIRE ME!
 WHOLESALE
 SERVICES: PRINTED CHARTS
pixel_trans
HIGHLIGHTS
Newsletter

Sign up for our newsletter !
Your E-mail

Your name
 


pixel_trans
Creative Poppy charts can be printed out and/or viewed using the Adobe reader App on your ipad.

Have you ever viewed your charts on a tablet/screen when stitching?
Your comments and suggestions welcome!
Do you use:
a tablet/screen exclusively
a tablet/screen and printed chart
I've never tried but I might
I prefer paper charts

1127 Votes
[ See the results ]
pixel_trans
» » Antique samplers
Antique samplers

Antique samplers
Learn more about samplers stitched in Europe in the 19th and beginning of 20th century


The patterns featured here are from Muriel Brunet's own collection of antique samplers. They are of European origin and most date back to the 19th century. All are available as reproduction sampler charts. >> see her collection



19th century European samplers

Muriel Brunet - 1841 Reproduction sampler with trees of lifeThe earlier sampler patterns are rich with symbolic representations including trees of life, birds, flowers and religious symbols. Red was the predominant color used by stitchers with brown, green and blue as a complement. Trees of life, usually stitched in red, were a prominent feature. They symbolise the link between the earth and the sky, representing life and hope. To the right is a detail of the
"M.B. 1841"  sampler  with a remarkable series of nineteen trees of life. 

RH 1868 - Sampler of Swiss origin from the Muriel Brunet CollectionOther favorite elements of early samplers include flowers (often in flower pots), birds, crowns, baskets, hearts, crosses. Pictured here is an extract of a sampler of Swiss origin, stitched in 1868, that features a great variety of these symbols of charming simplicity. 



Hélène Bonnefond sampler - from The Muriel Brunet CollectionLater 19th century pieces became more structured. Compositions were designed within framed borders and more attention was paid to symmetry. 
Those borders were more sophisticated with elaborate floral compositions. Alphabets grew more complex with rich monograms, sometimes intertwined with flowers. Featured here is a detail of the "Hélène Bonnefond" sampler that has an intricate frame with a variety of borders.




Muriel Brunet - "C. Mathy" Reproduction sampler with bird motifsWhile the trend might have taken a while to reach the countryside, a major  innovation appeared in samplers sometime in the mid 19th century. Instead of "flat" representations of objects, stitchers started using a combination of colors to provide density to their stitching and create more realistic effects. A larger choice of silk embroidery colors provided more flexibility (DMC had started developping its fabulous ranges of silk colors). The detail shown here is from "C. Mathy", a sampler stitched in 1878.

Poppy sampler from the Muriel Brunet CollectionSome elements of the patterns were inspired by - or may have originated from -  Berlin Work patterns that became popular at the time. Berlin Work introduced the principle of copying a pattern from a colored grid (the first printed charts!). This major change unable stitchers to include more elaborate wildlife and landscape patterns. Birds and flowers remained the favorite patterns of stitchers but little rabbits, contryside scenes and other cute animals were included too. Shown here is a detail of the antique "Poppy sampler".



Stitched Alphabets and Monograms:

Maria Braillon reproduction sampler - 1877, France - From the Muriel Brunet CollectionMost sampler patterns include alphabets. It is very rare to find a complete alphabet in antique samplers. While there might be some errors, inversions or omissions due to the youth of the stitcher, some missing letters are no accident. A certain number of letters were often merged such as "I" and "J" as well as "V" and "W" and other letters, often the less useful such as "X" or "Y" were simply dropped out. The detail of the sampler to the right, "Maria Braillon 1877" is a typical example. 



An antique bedsheet with cross stitched monogam and numberingThe prime function of a sampler was not only to teach young girls the basics of stitching. Samplers were used as records or templates of letters. These letters were used for "marking" household linen such as bed sheets and tea towels, usually in red (learn more about red embroidery threads). Many items were not only stitched with initials but also numbered for easier identification. This antique bed sheet is a fine example of a tiny cross stitched monogram and sheet number (Normandy, mid 19th century). The monogram is 3/4 " high.
The tradition of "marking" household linen continued well into the 20th century but printed templates , allowing for a much wider variety of style, replaced the original alphabets.



Murile Brunet- Rose alphabet sampler "marquette"While the word "sampler" is used in English, the French make a distinction between "marquette" and "marquoir". A "marquette"  is a monochrome alphabet sampler, ranging from the simplest alphabets a young girl would learn to stitch on canvas to elaborate monogram letters that would serve as a reference for future stitching and passed on to the next generation. Shown here is the "Antique Rose alphabet sampler" .
A "marquoir", on the other hand, is a personal piece of work, signed and dated.  While it also includes alphabets and numbers, it leaves much more freedom of design to the stitcher, who would add decorative and symbolic elements, border and frame patterns as well as the occasional text. 
 
Stitches, threads and fabrics used for samplers

Muriel Brunet - R. Werner reproduction sampler dated 1907Stitches used for samplers are predominantly cross stitch, with occasional backstitch, and eyelet stitches. Some pieces would serve as stitch samplers and cover a variety of stitches including darning stitches, such as the German one shown to the right "R. Werner reproduction sampler dated 1907" .

At first, a young girl would learn by stitching on a rather loose canvas, allowing for easier counting. The thread used would usually be wool. As she gained expertise, she would move on to evenweave linen and often use silk thread. Household linen was "marked" with red cotton thread (Andrinople or Turkish red) and required very good eyesight as it could be stitched on very fine linen.

Reproduction samplers:

Many fine heirloom pieces have now been transcribed into modern counted cross stitch charts. If you would like to replicate an antique piece, browse through our collection of reproduction samplers and find the one that's right for you!

We would like to thank Muriel Brunet for providing the illustrations for this article as well as for all the information she contributed to this article
 

>> see the full collection of Muriel Brunet's antique samplers and reproduction sampler charts
>> learn more about red embroidery threads
>> back to what's new

Pattern Finder
Advanced search
Quick links
Fabric calculator
header_03
pixel_trans
No Items
pixel_trans
Latest patterns
TOP sales
<b>Spring Biscornu</b><br>cross stitch pattern<br>by <b>Barbara Ana Designs</b>
$5.99
<b>Poppy Biscornu</b><br>cross stitch pattern<br>by <b>Faby Reilly Designs</b>
$6.99
<b>All Creatures Great and Small</b><br>cross stitch pattern<br>by <b>Barbara Ana Designs</b>
$13.99
<b>Red monochrome Biscornu & scissor fob</b><br>cross stitch pattern<br>by <b>Marie-Anne Réthoret-Mélin</b>
$4.99
<b>Autumn biscornu</b><br>cross stitch pattern<br>by <b>Barbara Ana Designs</b>
$5.99
See complete top sales

Creative Co. 1 rue de Stockholm, 75008 PARIS - France

RCS 494 994 106 PARIS


Creative Poppy is a Trademark of Creative Co., a company registered in Paris, France
©copyright Creative Co. 2007 | | EN - FR